Abuso a un clic ( entrevista a Diego Migliorisi)
For Lucas Burns
The emergence of social networks to meet the expectations of millions of users worldwide. With new tools and high mass reach communication service, advertising, freedom of expression and entertainment, the rapprochement between strangers and reuniting with old friends and past loves hides various negative consequences. According to the NGO he informed us defend Buenos Aires, led by expert lawyer in cybercrime Javier Miglino, There is an upward trend in abuse relationships generated through the social network Facebook. Which is to occur every day between six and seven attacks ending in justice with civil or criminal complaints from those affected, totaling about 200 cases a month in Argentina. With the aggravating circumstance that five percent of those cases, or about 10 a month, They end in a crime of sexual abuse. Two complaints in less than two weeks related to cases of sexual abuse as a criminal who used Facebook warrant holder to perform an analysis of the risks to which users are subject.
“What happens when someone, shielded in the anonymity of Facebook decided to call criminal, prostitute, pedophile? What happens when someone threatens you, harasses or deceive you with promises of employment and other?”, wonders Miglino. “From that moment, the gates of hell for the person who suffers the cyberattack open, currently it called ciberbullying; harassment by the network. O grooming, when an adult posing as a child or adolescent and by false images and fantastic stories the confidence of a young man or woman to send pictures or videos intimate wins. The level of lax controls have Facebook Argentina SRL. It opens the possibility that two or more persons associate for the sole purpose of attacking a third and forget the abusive actions they are committing a criminal offense and / or civil”, stated Miglino.
Months ago, the rape of a girl 14 years old, deceived with the strategy of grooming in Mar del Plata for a sexual predator 37 years which have pretended 25 para contactarla, deceive and dispose of own school where classes and was studying violarla- is more evidence to reflect some of the events that occur in the most popular social network in the world. Similar to what happened in early August with wife 37 years traveled from Misiones to Buenos Aires to meet a man 48, who he had been chatting for four months via Facebook. The long-awaited meeting ended in the worst way: the woman met a violent man, and tranquilizers consumed by an episode of jealousy ended brutally beating repeatedly, and then he locked for several days in a room of the apartment he had in Villa Pueyrredon. Finally, the woman escaped through a text message to an acquaintance, who could report it and got the federal police arrested the aggressor.
“”Anonymity does not allow crime”, We defend titled highlights of Buenos Aires. “You can set a security system that allows all the rules that deal with the fight against abuse in social networks and other Internet can be published so that everyone knows what their rights are and what their obligations. Not enough to complain about a user”.
The saga of abuse that use the most popular social network in the world was a scary episode in the last hours in the city of Puerto Madryn, Chubut Province. A man 33 years were contacted with a babe 10 years through Facebook and text messages. After receiving a message, the girl ran away from home on Friday 7 August overnight, when his father was not at home. The girl went to the house of the man who had contacted and this sexually abused her. “The girl went home to 7 in the morning. When asked by his parents, He said he was a teenager 18 years old. But then he said that he had actually been in the house of a man who knew a long time and said he had sex”, sources confirmed that city prosecutors. At press time, the defendant was charged as aggravated sexual assault and was remanded, as he ordered the judge Patricia Reyes.
The Argentina Association to Fight Cybercrime (AALCC) It was created to combat and advise victims once configured the crime. The lawyer Diego Migliorisi, secretary of the organization and author of Crimes on the web (publisher of El Nuevo Extremo, see box) notes that "Most of the crimes we see in the Criminal Code can be configured via Internet. The offender uses the network to support. In many countries work on freedom of expression on the Internet. This marks a trend about the actions of the people, making it necessary to consider a very important aspect in relation to where the user navigates, where it gets consumed and where the information. For the offender, anonymity is helpful. The problem is research: tests are usually too volatile, easily and therefore they violate this complicates researchers. In addition to the criminal can be in any region or country triangulating information. Justice is much slower than the computer crime, beyond that both the Federal and the Metropolitan Police are well prepared”, the Advocate.
The rise and rise of the Internet has promoted different types of offenses ranging crescendo. Such as hacking -hackers who use their knowledge to commit crimes or political-support operations, computer viruses denial of service, computer damage or fraud. Crimes go molding to new technologies: It is no longer limited only to a hacker trying to steal information, thus covering all criminal matters. The computer can support offender to abuse, to publish photographs of sexual or violent content, for illegal practice of medicine. There are also pages that incite suicide, sale of prohibited substances or install catastrophic news. Then crimes fit larger. “Internet is a world, what we call a parallel universe, but with effects outside it. There is a very low percentage of crimes cleared up is confined to the network”, adds Migliorisi.
The highest percentage of passes recorded cybercrime threats, defamation, extortion and sexual offenses related to child pornography and pedophilia. Since the AALCC out that "the 80 percent of cybercrime has to do with child pornography and trafficking. Lead the ranking of traditional crimes suffered more people”.
Dispersed in the virtual map, a new denomination darkens the horizon: The Revenge Porn. It is as typified in US. and Japan and several countries have projects. Porn revenge appears as a growing trend and refers to the actions of a person who has or had a relationship with the victim and has audiovisual material naked or intimate sexual situations and come up with the intention of causing moral and psychological damage the victim, resulting in an extortion through money order to not upload. “The psychological damage of what goes Internet is beyond measure. There is a prejudice and also, that news can be used by more than 2.500 million users worldwide. You do not know who it was the, or who has them, but do not know when or how it was outside the gates viralizará. Damage of this type is technically irreversible, because there is no way to control that does not happen again in the future once the information is shared”, close Migliorisi.
The universe of Facebook is provided creations, images and videos from its millions of users. Behind this planet, Buenos Aires created in November 2012 the first Special Prosecutor for Cybercrime country. One year later, Prosecutor signed an agreement with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), that alerts when it finds that the prosecution of child pornography is distributed on the Internet from an IP in Argentina. Only since November 2013 until mid- 2015, prosecutors received about 11.000 content delivery reports child pornography on the Internet from an IP Argentina. NCMEC, with the authorization of Congress, He established the so-called CyberTipline, for the public and providers of electronic services to report suspected sexual exploitation of children, and also it involves different countries. Since 1998, CyberTipline has received more than 2,3 million complaints about the alleged sexual exploitation of children.
To reflect this problem, from specializing in computer crimes prosecutor make use of statistics. From January to June 2015 They entered 1.645 complaints production and distribution of child pornography: an increase of nearly 300 percent from the same period last year, when they registering 1.197 complaints in twelve months. The 88 percent of computer crime in the City of Buenos Aires by Article 128 of the Criminal Code they are to produce and distribute child pornography on the Internet.
Twenty consulted by, the Special Prosecutor for Cybercrime highlights progress in research. “Receive all complaints and reports of child pornography has uploaded a user with an IP somewhere in Argentina. Before an abuse report, Body of Judicial Investigations of the Office of the City (ICJ) monitors the sites of each of the companies that provide Internet content (social networks, Google, etc.) through a program, Photo DNA, that automatically detects photographs containing child pornography on the net. It noted that since 2008, the Internet content companies operating in the US are required by law to report 18USS2258 pornography to NCMEC; on the contrary, Nearby businesses can receive financial penalties on 300.000 dollars. NCMEC processes the reports of companies and tour the complaint to the relevant country before 24 hours detected the fact”, They noted from the Office of the City.
A global problem. Por Diego Migliorisi
lawyer. Author of Crimes on the web and secretary of Argentina Association to Fight Cybercrime
Month-on-month increases the number of users of social networks that are victims of crime. While we have a wonderful invention, the criminal mind gets everywhere. Therefore, social networks have a big responsibility. You will be limited to not block a profile. The implementation of traffic guardian is required. A necessary tool to know from where the offender connects and from that profile, use it as a tool for research. In Argentina this is not possible because of the IP -address user- are stored in the central houses in the case of Facebook and Twitter in the United States, implying that the trial order is slow and hard to get before the offense is effective. Therefore the implementation of the Law on Saving-in Traffic There are currently two projects are expected to be discussed at the Committee on Freedom of expression for a tool to reach the IP and there is necessary to determine whether the provider keeping the IP of your customers is Argentine and who the client is assigned. Saving of traffic from social networks is not in Argentina. Russia has a bill that starting next year requires some social networks that keep the customer information in their own subsidiaries for a test without having to get help from United States. In the short term this is going to have to reverse global. We are facing a global problem, not only in Argentina but worldwide.
Twenty Facebook consulted the company that responded through his spokesman via mail..
Are you aware of allegations of sexual abuse as a contact using the social network Facebook?
Facebook has zero tolerance for sexual abuse. We remove content that threatens or promotes violence and sexual exploitation. The safety of people is one of our highest priorities, why we seek them maximum control over your experience on Facebook.
What are the measures taken from the company?
We constantly improve our tools to report inappropriate content or block people with whom you do not want to interact. Also we promote educational campaigns and resources such as the Family Safety Center, a support center with safety tips for parents, teens and educators. The collaboration of our community helps us reduce risks.
How they are linked with prosecutors specializing in computer crime?
The operators of the Facebook platform are, analyze and respond orders of the authorities related to official investigations. The authorities offer a special channel of contact through www.facebook.com/records address.
Children at risk. Federico Pacheco.
Specialist Information Security, author of Minors and risks of new technologies
Social networks gradually extended our natural zone of confidence, to the point that even got to interact with people online so they never met personally. This barrier in the younger generation is even weaker, as they recognize the other as part of their environment somewhat independently of the physical or virtual context. With this scenario and naturalization under this paradigm of virtual self, many abusers, pedophiles and people with other types of pathology found an alternative channel for expressing their behavior, which eventually it became the main channel. So, after a seemingly normal profile of a network like Facebook, It can be a criminal or a kidnapper, protected by the apparent feeling of being anonymous Internet provides. It is not obvious how to detect, and indeed the highest degree of perversion can (and often) unnoticed to an untrained eye. The general recommendation to avoid tragedies in virtual environments aims in part to the revaluation of certain old cultural values which question a priori who has not proved untrustworthy, which virtually any adult can understand current. In Addition, familiar with the specific aspects of such characters (and its representation in social networks) to generate a sensitivity to the topic, deriving ending inevitably in doubt, and if not, in the certainty that we are not trying to imagine who would want.