Internet Enemies 2014: organisms in the epicenter of censorship and surveillance

The 'Enemies of the Internet' report, Reporters Without Borders published every 12 March at the World Day Against Internet Censorship, focuses this 2014 in government agencies and the agencies that implement online censorship and surveillance.

These organizations, among which the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority counted, Science Center and the Agency for Information Technology in North Korea, the Ministry of Information and Communications of Vietnam, and the State Internet Information Office of China, have used the defense of national security as a pivot to go far beyond its original mission to journalists and censor, bloggers and other information providers.

Three of the entities to which Reporters Without Borders has given the title of 'Internet Enemies' found in democracies have traditionally boasted to defend freedom of expression and the free flow of information. The -Cuba NSA National Security, for its acronym in English- in United States, el GCHQ – Headquarters Government Communications- in the UK and the Centre for Development of Telematics India are no better than their counterparts in China, Russia, Iran from Bahrein.

The online information could not be spied or controlled without the help of the private sector. In the report 'Internet Enemies' of 2013, Reporters Without Borders says the mercenaries Internet, companies put their knowledge at the service of authoritarian regimes in exchange for sums of money often colossal.

Contractors for surveillance

This year, the organization also focuses on the “dealers surveillance”, fairs and forums that bring together companies specializing in surveillance and censorship with the leaders of authoritarian regimes. ISS World, Crime against Milipol and Technology are among the best known.

After revealing their heinous practices, must act to stop them. To this end, Reporters Without Borders has produced a series of recommendations to governments and international bodies, aimed at reducing the security paranoid excesses of recent years.

Pay attention to the practices of these enemies of Internet, normally operate in the shadows. Should be alerted about them to as many people as possible. This is necessary for international organizations, United Nations, Europe and the international treaties governing the export of surveillance technology, focus on these practices and adopt laws that end with them as soon as possible. Reporters Without Borders urges Internet users around the world to join this initiative.

Key points of the report 'Internet Enemies'

• The "mercenaries surveillance" -ISS World, Technology Against Crime y Milipol-, are real specialists in communications intercept or block content for the governments of Iran, China from Bahrein. O Western democracies such as France.

• Russia has exported its surveillance system SORM to neighboring countries. In Belarus, Decree 60 requires servers to be installed to run SORM.

• Iran continues to fight for the development of your internal network, Halal Internet, disconnected from the global network and from which the authorities can exercise absolute control.

• China, already dominates the Internet with your “Great Wall Electronics”, announced collaboration with Iran and Zambia and provides surveillance systems. In Uzbekistan, is the leading provider of modems and routers country.

• Numerous national security agencies are exceeded their duties on behalf of counterterrorism to censor or spy. It happens in the United States, United Kingdom, Ethiopia, Saudi arabia Rus, Belarus, Sudan to Colombia, where digital monitoring unit has intercepted thousands of messages between journalists and spokespersons of the FARC.

• In France, Parliament adopted the Law on Military Programming, whose article 20 authorizes the monitoring of telephone and Internet communications in real time, without judicial oversight.

• In Turkmenistan, Syria, Vietnam on Bahrein, authorities control most of the infrastructures that allow surveillance of Internet. In Syria in the Iran, the speed of the signal is used to control the spread of photos and information.

• In Turkey, recent amendments to the law have transformed Internet access providers internet on authentic instruments of censorship and surveillance.

• The latest scandal surveillance: program “Optic Nerve” meant to capture without any limitation images of webcams million users of Yahoo.

Recommendations Reporters Without Borders

The 'Internet Enemies 2014' report by Reporters Without Borders lists a number of recommendations to ensure freedom on the Internet.

The facts show that surveillance continues to grow and can identify Internet, contacts, correspondence and its location. Among authoritarian countries such surveillance including the arrest and ill-treatment of human rights defenders, journalists, Internet users and other members of civil society. The prisons were filled with advocates of human rights dissidents and Internet communications are increasingly intercepted by authorities.

At the international and regional level, within the United Nations and the European Union, Most national laws and legal frameworks for Internet surveillance, data protection and network surveillance, are incomplete and insufficient to ensure international standards of human rights. It is essential and important for a legal framework is adopted to protect the freedoms on the Internet, both to address the problem of general surveillance, to regulate the export of surveillance tools by private companies.

 

source:http://www.rsf-es.org/grandes citas/dia-against-censorship-en-internet/